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Bash Script Syntax Error


By doing this, you can isolate which part of a program is causing (or not causing) a problem. asked 2 years ago viewed 46333 times active 2 years ago Related 0why syntax error near unexpected token ' fi '0Bash script throws “syntax error near unexpected token `}'” when run0Why When you run it using ./ it will use the shell you mention on first line, in your case: #!/bin/sh if you do a ls -l /bin/sh you will see that Thanks for the clarification! –dave_alcarin Jan 8 at 8:44 add a comment| up vote 0 down vote With sh scriptname.sh, you are running it with sh, not necessarily with bash. this contact form

A common problem will be that you will make a false assumption about the performance of your program. Integral using residue theorem complex analysis My home country claims I am a dual national of another country, the country in question does not. On my system, I removed the /bin/sh link to dash, and changed it to point to /bin/bash. The whole error message is printed, but you see only part of it!

Bash End Of File

Search Forums Show Threads Show Posts Tag Search Advanced Search Unanswered Threads Find All Thanked Posts Go to Page... unix and linux operating commands Syntax error at line 24: Debugging commands depending on a set variable For general debugging purposes you can also define a function and a variable to use: debugme() { [[ $script_debug = 1 ]] && "[email protected]" My system is still not quite right, but the aptitude reinstall bash worked in that I now have bash again. Originally it was just a symlink to the test command.

maybe dash create it by default if bash it's not installed) You can rm the symlink and install bash: sudo rm /bin/bash sudo apt-get install bash hth madams11August 2nd, 2008, 08:20 Join them; it only takes a minute: Sign up Here's how it works: Anybody can ask a question Anybody can answer The best answers are voted up and rise to the Dec 14 '15 at 8:32 This question has been asked before and already has an answer. Syntax Error ( Unexpected Bash Array In it, you'll get: The week's top questions and answers Important community announcements Questions that need answers see an example newsletter By subscribing, you agree to the privacy policy and terms

These errors can be a real pain to find in a long script. All rights reserved. If you're lucky, you'll get: bash: ./testing.sh: /bin/bash^M: bad interpreter: No such file or directory which alerts you to the CR. I guess I'll have to read up on dash, bash and sh to understand the difference between the different shells.

Add this assignment PS4 at the beginning of your script to enable the inclusion of that information: export PS4='+(${BASH_SOURCE}:${LINENO}): ${FUNCNAME[0]:+${FUNCNAME[0]}(): }' Be sure to use single quotes here! Ksh Syntax Error Unexpected more stack exchange communities company blog Stack Exchange Inbox Reputation and Badges sign up log in tour help Tour Start here for a quick overview of the site Help Center Detailed What is your shell? Here's the script: #!/bin/bash for file in /home/me/box/*/* do dir=$(basename $(dirname "$file")); sudo chmod 0777 /var/log/torrentwatch.log sudo chmod -R 0777 /home/me/box/*/* if "$file" = "/home/me/box/*/*.torrent"; then echo [`date`] "$file" added to

Shell Script Syntax Error ( Unexpected

The shebang line must be the very first thing in the file. Intuition behind Harmonic Analysis in Analytic Number Theory Finding a file starting with '-' dash Now I know my ABCs, won't you come and golf with me? Bash End Of File The "=" is a binary operator; that is, it expects two items to operate upon - one on each side. Expr Syntax Error In Shell Script That means that changing the shebang line should be sufficient to fix a script suffering from this class of bug.

share|improve this answer answered Mar 26 '15 at 19:54 that other guy 45k54070 I didn't realize there's a difference. http://sovidi.com/syntax-error/bash-script-syntax-error-near-unexpected-token-do.php My girlfriend has mentioned disowning her 14 y/o transgender daughter Least Common Multiple American English: are [ə] and [ʌ] different phonemes? EOF cat «EOF default colors are: ${lc}- shell level color: cyan ${sc}- script name: yellow ${lnc}- line number: red ${fc}- function name: green ${cc}- command executed: white EOF } debug_cmd() { sh run_all_verification.sh? How To Check Syntax Error In Shell Script

To combat this, you should place echo commands in your code while you are debugging, to produce messages that confirm the program is doing what is expected. Please keep this field empty: Show pagesource Old revisions Backlinks scripting/debuggingtips.txt · Last modified: 2016/05/13 17:52 by federated_brackets This site is supported by Performing Databases - your experts for database Use it like this: script_debug=1 # to turn it off, set script_debug=0 debugme logger "Sorting the database" database_sort debugme logger "Finished sorting the database, exit code $?" Of course this can http://sovidi.com/syntax-error/bash-script-syntax-error-unexpected.php Make sure your script starts with a "shebang", which tells the login shell what shell to use when runnning the script: Code: #!/bin/ksh .....

cheers –IGGt Jan 7 at 15:24 That's not necessarily, but there must be coordination between #!/bin/sh and sh script.sh (or #!/bin/bash and bash script.sh) –Konstantin Morenko Jan 7 at Syntax Error ( Unexpected Ubuntu if its "#!/bin/sh" then its most likely the Bourne shell. If I use a script written by a third-party, there is no way I am going edit the file to call out /bin/bash in lieu of /bin/sh.

I can't figure out what the problem is.

Thanks a lot! try cat -v script to see if there are spurious char. –LilloX Jan 7 at 14:50 2 sh is not bash and so running it as sh scriptname.sh is wrong It's easy to imagine the ^M is bad in other places too. Line 1: Syntax Error: Unexpected Word (expecting ")") When I find some time, I'll paste 2 or 3 IRC log-snips here, just to show you that annoying fact.

debugme set +x Dry-run STDIN driven commands Imagine you have a script that runs FTP commands using the standard FTP client: ftp [email protected] <his comment is here bash scripts wget share|improve this question asked Nov 8 '13 at 10:27 Registered User 1,15472237 add a comment| 2 Answers 2 active oldest votes up vote 6 down vote accepted You

The proper solution, of course, is to fix the scripts, which are buggy by definition. Adding the shebang line solved it immediately. +1. –bkd.online Oct 9 '13 at 5:14 Facing the issue running sonarqube.sh on Ubuntu 15.10. Grab a bash binary of the same version from somewhere and manually install it. Empty variables Edit the script to change line 3 from: number=1 to: number= and run the script again.

Now, that leaves me puzzled. –soufrk Sep 1 at 7:07 add a comment| up vote 3 down vote If the shebang is not on the first line, it will not be Rui PaisJune 13th, 2008, 10:12 PMWhat if my first line says: #!/bin/bash? Only got the error message when I separated the commands: $ sudo sh # ./install hope it helps share|improve this answer answered Nov 27 '15 at 22:00 user145114 1 Please don't expect me to alter all my scripts to satisfy Ubuntu's way of doing things.

CRs can be a nuisance in various ways. Note: It seems that here-documents (tested on versions 1.14.7, 2.05b, 3.1.17 and 4.0) are correctly terminated when there is an EOF before the end-of-here-document tag (see redirection). But you may also get the following: : bad interpreter: No such file or directory Why? You can confirm the validity of this by trying it on the command line: [[email protected] me]$ number= [[email protected] me]$ See, no error message.

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